Uterine Fibroids



    Uterine Fibroids

    Uterine fibroids are benign (noncancerous) tumors of muscle tissue in the uterus. They are also called myomas or leiomyomas. Fibroids are usually found in or around the body of the uterus, but sometimes are in the cervix. There are three main types of fibroids based on where they are found:

    1. Subserosal are in the outer wall of the uterus (55%)

    2. Intramural are found in the muscular layers of the uterine wall (40%)

    3. Submucosal protrude into the uterine cavity (5%)

    Uterine fibroids can reduce fertility in many ways:

    Fibroids change the shape of the cervix, and this affects the number of sperm that can enter the uterus.
    Fibroids interfere with the movement of the sperm or embryo by changing the shape of the uterus.
    Fibroids can can block the Fallopian tubes.
    Fibroids can prevent embryo implantation and pregnancy by altering uterine lining size and blood flow to the uterine cavity.
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